(see also: obat burung)
Tide occurs twice a year since 1992 and its peak in 2009 , when a knee-high waves crashing to an adult , really make coastal communities and the environment Puunaka Rate , Cape Village , District of Ende , Flores , East Nusa Tenggara ( NTT ) , was suffering .
In addition, people Puunaka and Rate fishermen also worried that the majority of the tsunami threat given the NTT is prone to earthquakes . Especially when considering the devastating 1992 earthquake .
Therefore , people are excited when Flores Institute for Resources Development ( FIRD ) offers coastal greening activities , particularly in the Cape Village and neighboring areas , the Village Paupanda . As a first step , FIRD who began advocating the tidal wave disaster in July 2009 with the community and then to plant 150 trees ketapan within a radius of about 20 meters from the shoreline in October 2010 . Members of the Military District Command ( Kodim ) 1602/Ende also involved in these activities .
To facilitate the coordination of the five groups formed in the village of Tanjung penghijau mangrove ( each group consisted of five people ) , and four in Paupanda groups ( each group consisting of 10 people ) .
The ninth group was given a target to sow and produce approximately 10,000 seedlings to be planted along 2,500 meters along the coastline , from Cape to Paupanda .
In contrast to other regions are generally planted mangroves to resist abrasion , on the Cape and this Paupanda they chose hibiscus , Angsana , ketapan , pandanus , and acid .
The reason is simple , the plants that grow there so easy to membibitkan . Angsana , ketapan , acid , and hibiscus can also function as a shade beach , while pandan chosen because it has strong roots .
" Mangroves if planted in the north coast of Flores may be appropriate because the muddy soil , whereas here the sand is not good for the soil . In addition , hibiscus here much , so easily nursery . The wood can also be used to make a boat , " said Chairman of the Mangrove Environment penghijau Puunaka Abdul Hamid ( 45 ) , the beginning of June .
In February 2011 , along FIRD Puunaka and Rate society , including members of the District Military Command 1602/Ende and a number of non-governmental organizations and local authorities to plant another 450 trees hibiscus , Angsana , and pandanus .
Hamid also said that the local community excited about the programs offered FIRD because of the reforestation activities , the group will be empowered economically , through the manufacture of salt and duck pond .
" We want them not only be receiving assistance , but do little to force them to keep the ecosystem in the coastal environment . It is also for the good of them , especially in reducing the risk of disasters such as tidal waves and the threat of Mount Yes , " said village facilitators FIRD , Vincent Sangu .
FIRD also only facilitate , among others, to prepare polybag nursery , including the cost of eating for people to work , especially when planting .
Financial support for the salt ponds and duck will be given to the public in stages to record progress coast after greening . " The target of 10,000 trees meant if there are plants that die , there is still a lot of seeds that can be planted . At least , within five years the plants grow really well , " said Vincent .
In connection with this program , on Sunday ( 5/6 ) and also formed Village Disaster Response Team consisting of 48 people cape . The team has two main tasks, namely concerning activities before disasters or disaster preparedness and post-disaster .
The team will include works to increase knowledge and awareness of how to deal with or act on post-disaster situations .
The team also plans to create a dike safety along 500 meters . Temporary dike was also to test . The material of bamboo , palm fiber , soil , sand , and a sack . Of the estimated cost of USD 30 million , will bear FIRD USD 20 million . The rest of the budget helped Ende .
The execution of the embankment will be done by the citizens of mutual cooperation . The series of 2 meter high bamboo sticks tied with fibers, and then plugged into shore . For the amplifier , behind the " fence " was put bamboo sacks of sand and soil . Behind that pile of sacks , a tree will be planted . It is estimated , the strength of the embankment about two years .
The hope , embankment while it is able to withstand the blow wave while waiting for trees planted roots grow strong enough .
Head of Section for Economic and Urban Development Tanjung M Ruslan admit , as many as 48 homes were occupied by 53 families in the neighborhood and Rate Puunaka it is in the green lane coastal border . However , the government is not easy to relocate away.
Because of this , he was very supportive of the program are assessed FIRD give a solution .
In addition to the high wave -prone , it is also prone region affected by the eruption of Mount Iya ( 637 meters ) . The last eruption occurred January 27, 1969 that killed 10 people and wounded resident following a flood of lava in a number of places , including the rate and Puunaka .
According to Ruslan , before the eruption of 1969, Kampung Rate and Puunaka located on the slopes of an active volcano that is the ocean which then turned into the land as lava buried . Mount Iya recorded since 1871 until 1969 erupted eight times .
In 1992 , when the great earthquake struck , most of the land in the ocean Rate and Puunaka closed back and since that time the area became a tidal wave disaster subscription .
" In accordance with the input of the elders in the village Rate , first at the edge of the beach there is also a casuarina tree , but this time no longer exists . It's good not only planting in coastal hibiscus tree , but also casuarina . Because if styled well , it is quite possible to be a tourist attraction that is very attractive beaches . Therefore , from the beautiful Puunaka Rate and watching the sunset , " said Ruslan .
(see also: vitamin burung)
Now , what do people rate and with the support of various parties Puunaka it is just the beginning . Plants that have grown even partially dead . However , all efforts to mitigate disasters , reducing the risk and impact of disasters should be supported . Especially , the spirit of community that has begun to emerge must continue to be nurtured so that they do not become discouraged in the middle of the road ....